Robinson Crusoe is considered to be the first novel in English language; we know that the first novel was Dafnis & Chloe by Longo. Robinson Crusoe was written by Daniel Defoe and published in 1719. The novel is a autobiographical portrait of a man who spends twenty-eight years on a remote island after his ship sinks.
Defoe was also a journalist, who wrote more than five hundred books on different topics. On this one, he makes an apology of why the English Empire should exist. He insistly oppose the figure of the civilized man versus the savage figure of Friday.
But, what was Defoe's inspiration?
Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish sailor who lived near Chile and whose story became breaking news on the papers.
The 18th century was a period when European explorers mada huge progress in exploring the oceans and continents.They made more accurate maps, something which helped trade. Selkirk was said to be sailing on one of this voyages of exploration when he got stranded on the island.