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jueves, 1 de marzo de 2012

St David ( Dewi Sant)

I am going to start by the end; as my students of 4th grade say, "Fran, you always end up talking about food" Here you are our recipe for  Cawl Cennin (leek soup). Of course, it comes from our favourite Cat. Hope you like it! It's rather healthy!
Photo by Manu Catman

St David's flag
Britain, Great Britain, the UK... a kind of mess for my 1ESO students. Today is St David's, Wales National Day.

Dewi Sant - St David was born towards the end of the fifth century. 

Family: he was the son of Sant a heir of the royal house of Ceredigion, his mother was Non, daughter of Cynyr of Caio, remembered by numerous churches and holy wells in Wales, Cornwall and Brittany.

Education: at Henfynyw (Old Menevia) in Ceredigion; he founded a Celtic monastic community at Glyn Rhosin (The Vale of Roses) on the western headland of Sir Benfro, where St David's Cathedral stands today.

St. Patrick: The spot may well have been the site of a very early religious community, for it is also associated with St Patrick, , who, having been born in South Wales, is said to have spent some time at Glyn Rhosyn before embarking for Ireland.

Fame: David's fame as a teacher and ascetic spread throughout the Celtic world. He earned the curious nickname Dewi Ddyfrwr - David the Waterman - no doubt reflecting the harsh bread-and-water regime of Celtic monks.

Traditions and legends: when he rose to address to a great crowd at a synod at Llanddewi Brefi in Ceredigion, the ground rose under his feet forming a little hill so that all could hear him speak. Again, a golden-beaked dove is said to have landed on his shoulder as a symbol of his holiness.

Influence: his foundation at Glyn Rhosyn became one of the most important shrines of the Christian world, and the most important centre in Wales. Roads and tracks from all over the nation led to it and in the Middle Ages two pilgrimages to Menevia was equal to one to Rome. Over fifty churches and innumerable holy wells were dedicated to him in Wales alone.

Symbol: the religious centre of St Davids thus became a focus for the religious aspirations of the Welsh nation and as Gerallt Cymro (Giraldus Cambrensis) relates: 'The Bishopric of St David's became .....a symbol of the independence of Wales...and that is why David himself was exalted into a Patron Saint of Wales.' St David's has for more than a millennium been the spiritual heart of our nation and the focus of its ideals.

St David Cathedral
Observance:  the date of Dewi Sant's death is recorded as 1st March, but the year is uncertain - possibly 589. As his tearful monks prepared for his death St David uttered these words: 'Brothers be ye constant. The yoke which with single mind ye have taken, bear ye to the end; and whatsoever ye have seen with me and heard, keep and fulfil' and as he died 'Lords, brothers and sisters, be cheerful, keep the faith, and do those little things which ye have seen me do and heard me say.'

Fact: Dewi Sant, was incidentally, the only patron saint of the four nations of the British Isles to have been born in the land which adopted him. (summarized from stdavidsday.org) 

St. David's Day Web Quest

  • 1.In which century did David live?

a. sixth b. eighth c. tenth d. twelfth e. fourteenth

  • 2.Why is the first of March celebrated as St. David's Day?
  • 3.Who was David's mother?
  • 4.To whom was David's mother alleged to be related?

a. King Arthur b. King Offa c. St. Patrick d. St. Illtud

  • 5.Who was David's father?
  • 6.In addition to being an excellent student, David is said to have cured one of his teachers of?
a. lameness. b. leprosy. c. blindness. d. plague.

  • 7.Several miracles are attributed to David. The first is alleged to have occurred

a. before he was born b. when he was a small boy c. when he was a student d. after he became a monk

  • 8.One of the miracles attributed to David occurred when he was attending the Synod of Llanddewi Brefi where it was to be decided if he was to be made Archbishop. Name this miracle:
  • 9.Which craft was remembered as being particularly important at the monastery he founded at Glyn Rhosyn?

a. making wine b. keeping bees c. curing meats and fish by smoking them d. producing illuminated manuscripts

  • 10.What was David's favorite beverage?

a. beer b. cider c. mead d. water e. wine

  • 11.There are several items served at a typical luncheon in his honor (baked chicken, roast beef, roast lamb, potatoes, salad, green beans, cake, pie, Welsh cakes, coffee, tea, etc.) that David would not have eaten. Choose one  and why would he not have eaten this?
  • 12.David's preferred penance was to

a. walk long distances while reciting psalms. b. swim long distances early in the morning. c. do heavy manual labor in the monastery gardens. d. stand in neck-deep water while reciting Scripture.

  • 13.In what century was David canonized?

a. sixth b. eighth c. tenth d. twelfth e. fourteenth

  • 14.St. David was so revered that how many pilgrimages to St. David's in Pembrokeshire were considered equivalent to a pilgrimage to Rome?
  • 15.A favorite piece of advice attributed to David would be translated into English as
a. "Be kind to animals" b. "Do unto others as you would have them do unto you"
c. "Do the little things" d. "Tend your own garden carefully

  • 16.In typical statues of St. David, another creature is usually included. What is it?

a. a dove b. a stag c. a fish d. an eagle

  • 17.In which region of Wales are the majority of churches dedicated to St. David located?

a. North Wales b. Mid Wales c. South Wales

  • 18.Which two Welsh symbols are traditionally associated with St. David's Day?

Can you answer at least half of the questions above and post them as a comment or bring them over the next lesson?

If you are a 1st cycle students, you may prefer to listen to a more simple version of the story:

For a full list of events, just click on Cardiff's webpage.


"Os y chi'n caru Cymru, dylech chi fod yna!"
"If you love Wales, you should be there!

1 comentario:

  1. Hello Fran!
    For a blog as in English, I did not make you Andujar, near Priego.
    A nice gesture yours by participating in this initiative dedicated to Jontxu and our best wishes to him and his family ..
    You also you have carefully worked ..
    Nice to meet you.
    We continue.